• Origins of Immunization, Smallpox, and mRNA Vaccines

    We’ve heard a lot about potential vaccines for COVID-19. Many vaccines have been undergoing large scale trials—specifically mRNA vaccines. This presents a new era in vaccinology. However, getting here was a long and hard process. The origins of immunization dates back thousands of years ago. In order to understand how we got here, we have to look into one of the biggest achievements in global public healththe eradication of smallpox. 

  • We're Not Ready for the Next Global Health Crisis

    “Global mean temperatures will continue to rise over the 21st century if greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions continue unabated.” The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) stated that the projections of temperature change are likely to exceed above 2°C in the next century.

  • The Next Pandemic

    As I flip through my science journal, I read over again, ‘The Next Pandemic’ dated November 8, 2019. "Human technology has made the next pandemic inevitable. Deforestation bringing more wild animals into contact with people. Factory farming pushing animals closer together. It is not a matter of if, but a matter of when.”